According to the Australian National Data Service, "data citation refers to the practice of providing a reference to data in the same way as researchers routinely provide a bibliographic reference to printed resources.". Many popular citation guidelines have been enriched with templates for data publication and citation. This enables a more informed review, and reuse of scientific work, as readers of scholarly publications can now easily consult the relevant datasets and assess their quality.
Alan Turing asked “Can machines think?” We ask: “Is the collective thinking on the Web a machine?” To answer this we study how information diffuses on the Web. We seek to capture the socio-technical algorithms that emerge from the interplay of manual human interactions with the technical capabilities and topological features of the infrastructure.
Securing the Future of Your Data
We are working on a defence against the turf war on people's data; and it's all about you.
One of the big challenges of Social Machines when attempting to understand them is that they are dynamic systems; and this dynamic dimension can be attributed largely to the fact that they are social. It so follows that in order to understand social machines with the view to building them or to building systems that would support their emergence, one of the crucial tasks is to understand what sociality is in a social machine.
Paid microtasks represent a way to leverage on the ease of crowdsourcing a group of people to undertake a project which would have been otherwise algorithmically challenging. Knowledge intensive tasks are broken down and distributed amongst human agents who solve them over the Internet. These knowledge workers are usually unknown a priori, and their semi-anonymity poses a challenge. Each microtask worker solves only a little bit of a puzzle which is constituted of units sent to a myriad of workers.
In order to understand and analyse the functionality and pulse of the Web, we require tools and visualisations of the flows, exchanges of information, and activity of different social machines. The situation room is SOCIAM’s solution to monitoring, analysing and tracking the emergence and evolution of social machines on the Web. Driven by Web Observatory, the SOCIAM Macroscope provides a real-time observational window to examine and compare human and machine interaction at the macro and micro level.
Understanding the Growth of Wikipedia via WikiProjects
Wikipedia is an evolving social machine that has gone through a series of phases similar to the development of the Web. We are now in a position where studying Wikipedia – whether this is to examine its successes, failures, current state of health, or future direction – requires understanding it as a social machine within an entire eco-system of interactions.
We focus on using Web science methodologies to understand how social and environmental signals can be used to improve the diagnosis of the activities which affect Asthma suffers. We then wish to use this information to provide feedback and intervention mechanisms to patients.
The rise of the Web has disrupted the way how knowledge bases are built and maintained or how the scientific process is pursued, offering new participatory approaches via human computation and crowdsourcing at a scale not previously imaginable.