Theoretical Frameworks

Theoretical Frameworks

This project provides the foundational basis for much of the other work within SOCIAM. In response to the growth of the Social Web, a panoply of new terms arose to refer to various parts of the emerging landscape. The Theoretical Frameworks project set the stage with basic work on how to define the concept of a 'social machine', how to classify social machines, and on which levels of description researchers should aim to study them.

Our work on definitions took Berners-Lee & Fischetti's (1999) characterisation of social machines as the point of departure and developed and refined a notion of "web-based socio-technical systems in which the human and technological elements play the role of participant machinery with respect to the mechanistic realization of system-level processes" (Smart & Shadbolt 2014, 4). In our early work on classification, we introduced a taxonomic framework for description and classification in which 33 dimensions and 106 associated characteristics specify the space of all (theoretically possible) social machines.

In ongoing work, our areas of focus include the question of how to avoid social machine researchers geiting stuck in trying to understand complex social phenomena with data that is blurred by the particulars of any given platform.

Publications
Moreau, L. (2017).  A canonical form for PROV documents and its application to equality, signature, and validation. ACM Transactions on Internet Technology. 20.
Luczak-Roesch, M., Tinati R., & O'Hara K. (2017).  What an entangled Web we weave: An information-centric approach to socio-technical systems.
O'Hara, K. (2017).  SOCIAM Book: The Theory and Practice of Social Machines.
Smart, P. (2017).  Social Machines: Theoretical Perspectives (book update).
Luczak-Roesch, M., & Tinati R. (2017).  The social in the platform trap: Why a microscopic system focus limits the prospect of social machines.
Van Kleek, M. (2016).  Decentralised Social Machine Virtual Machine (dSMVM) network.
Hooper, C., Bailey B., Glaser H., & Hendler J. (2016).  Social machines in practice: solutions, stakeholders and scopes.
Joksimović, S., Manataki A., Gašević D., Dawson S., Kovanović V., & de Kereki I. Friss (2016).  Translating Network Position into Performance: Importance of Centrality in Different Network Configurations. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Learning Analytics & Knowledge. 314–323.
Shadbolt, N. (2015).  SOCIAM Introduction.
Murray-Rust, D., Tarte S., Hartswood M., & Green O. (2015).  On Wayfaring in Social Machines. Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on World Wide Web. 1143–1148.
Kwasnikowska, N., Moreau L., & Van Den Bussche J. (2015).  A Formal Account of the Open Provenance Model. {ACM} Transactions on the Web. 9, 1–44.
Moreau, L., Groth P., Cheney J., Lebo T., & Miles S. (2015).  The rationale of PROV. Web Semantics: Science, Services and Agents on the World Wide Web. 35, 235–257.
Smart, P., Simperl E., & Shadbolt N. (2014).  A Taxonomic Framework for Social Machines. (Miorandi, D., Maltese V., Rovatsos M., Nijholt A., & Stewart J., Ed.).Social Collective Intelligence: Combining the Powers of Humans and Machines to Build a Smarter Society. 51–85.
Tarte, S., De Roure D., & Willcox P. (2014).  Working out the Plot: The Role of Stories in Social Machines. Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on World Wide Web. 909–914.
Shadbolt, N. (2014).  SOCIAM - Setting The Scene: Nigel Shadbolt.
Smart, P., & Shadbolt N. (2014).  Social Machines. (Khosrow-Pour, M., Ed.).Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology. 6855–6862.
Tinati, R., Carr L., Halford S., & Pope C. (2014).  (Re)Integrating the Web: Beyond 'Socio-technical'. Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on World Wide Web. 565–566.
De Roure, D. (2014).  The Emerging Paradigm of Social Machines. Stand Alone. 227?234.
De Roure, D. (2014).  SOCIAM - Social Machines.
Shadbolt, N., Smith D., Simperl E., Van Kleek M., Yang Y., & Hall W. (2013).  Towards a Classification Framework for Social Machines. Proceedings of the 22Nd International Conference on World Wide Web. 905–912.
Shadbolt, N. (2013).  SOCIAM: The Theory and Practice of Social Machines.
Simperl, E. (2013).  Towards a classification framework for social machines.
Tinati, R., & Carr L. (2012).  Understanding Social Machines. 2012 International Conference on Privacy, Security, Risk and Trust and 2012 International Confernece on Social Computing. 975-976.